King of Scotland
Máel Coluim mac Donnchada
1031-November 13, 1093
Father: King Duncan I of Scotland (August 15, 1001-August 15, 1040)
Ingibjörg Finnsdóttir (?-?)
Saint Margaret (c.1045-November 16, 1093)
Children by Ingibjörg Finnsdóttir:
King Duncan (Donnchad) (?-?)
Donald (Domnall) (?-1085)
Malcolm (Máel Coluim) (?-after 1094)
Children by Saint Margaret:
Prince Edward of Scotland (?-1093)
Edgar, King of Scotland (1074–January 8, 1107)
Alexander, King of Scotland (c.1078–April 23, 1124) *married Sybilla de NORMANDY
David I, King of Scotland (1084-May 24, 1153)
Edith "Matilda" of Scotland (?-?)
Mary of Scotland (?-?) *married Eustace III of Boulogne
Crinan the Thane de Mormaer
|Duncan I of Scotland|
| |Bethoc of Scotland
|--Malcolm III of Scotland
Colleen Keenan's 25th and 26th great-grandfather
NOTE: "Also known as Ceann Mór (Anglicized as Canmore) meaning 'Big Head' in the then
Scottish language. "Malcolm" is an anglicization derived from a Latin form, Malcolmus.
The name Máel Coluim means 'Servant of Columba', after the devotional pattern of many
medieval Scottish names ( c/f Máel Ísu' (Malise), 'servant of Jesus' or Gilla Coluim,
also 'servant of Columba'). He was the eldest son of King Duncan I and first king of
the House of Dunkeld.
In 1040 his father was killed in battle by his cousin Macbeth who became the new king.
Malcolm found refuge in England under the protection of King Harthacanute of Denmark and
England. In 1042 Harthacanute died and was succeeded to the throne of England by his
half-brother King Edward the Confessor. In 1053 Edward finally agreed to help Malcolm
gain the throne of Scotland by offering him an army. Malcolm's invasion of Scotland
started in the same year. Malcolm found support from the nobles of Southern Scotland.
He managed to kill first Macbeth in 1057 and then his successor King Lulach I of Scotland
in 1058. He then succeeded Lulach as king. He was crowned at Scone Abbey, Perthshire, on
April 25, 1058.
He agreed on an alliance with England, sealed by his (second) marriage to Saint Margaret,
Edgar Ætheling's sister. Margaret herself promoted the Roman Catholic Church in Scotland
throughout Malcolm's reign. At that time, Christianity did exist in Scotland in the form
of the Celtic Church, but varied from Roman Catholic practice in some respects e.g. the
dating of Easter and the shape of monks' tonsures. Malcolm had several sons by Margaret -
these became known as the Margaretsons.
Malcolm unsuccessfully tried to stop this influence by waging wars against the Norman
kings of England after 1066. In 1072 he was forced to give an oath of subservience to
William I of England. It is notable that while his first wife Ingibjorg's sons all bore
Gaelic names, half of Margaret's bore Anglo-Saxon/English names and the other half
standard continental names. At the time this was noted with displeasure amongst many in
the Scottish court and amongst the public.
His war against William II of England in 1093 only led to the loss of Scottish territory
to England. Malcolm died on November of the same year in an ambush at Alnwick during a
battle against William's army. His eldest son by Margaret, Edward, also died in that
ambush. Malcolm was succeeded by his brother Donald.
Malcolm established the Dunkeld dynasty which ruled Scotland from 1058 until 1286. Four
of his sons (Duncan II, Edgar, Alexander I, and David I) became kings of Scotland, whilst
a fifth (Edmund) ruled as co-ruler of Scotland with his uncle Donald III.
INDEX OF SURNAMES
HTML created by Colleen Fair Keenan on 11/27/2005 .